Thyroiditis is the medical condition in which an inflammation occurs in the thyroid gland. It is not at all a result of an infection and it is a condition that presents itself in different forms.
Types Of Thyroiditis
The different types of Thyroiditis that is known to date are discussed below.
This type of Thyroiditis is also called the autoimmune or chronic lymphocytic Thyroiditis and it is the most ordinary type of Thyroiditis. The name of this thyroid ailment is coined from the name of the Japanese physician who first gave a description of the condition, back in 1912.
When one is suffering form Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the thyroid glands becomes enlarged, though it may be just one side of the thyroid gland that gets enlarged which enough to feel. When this condition is present, the inefficiency of the thyroid cells to convert iodine into thyroid hormones become evident, and the cells becomes enlarged in a bid to overcome the inefficiency.
The uptake of iodine is high in a situation of the presence of hypothyroidism, when this condition is present and as the disease advances, the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) increases, as the pituitary gland responds to the hypothyroidism condition, as the thyroxine (T4) level in the body decreases as a result of the inability of the thyroid gland from making it.
This process is a sequence of events that can happen over a few weeks or it can be extended into years.
De Quervain’s Thyroiditis
The subacute or granulomatous thyroiditis is another name to call this type of thyroiditis. The first description of this thyroiditis type was first given in 1904 and it is not a type of thyroiditis that is as common as the Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
With this condition, the swelling of the thyroid gland takes place rapidly and a lot of pain and tenderness is felt.
This condition is one is which more than necessary thyroid hormones are released into the blood of the patient, and the iodine uptake of the thyroid gland falls.
This is the least ordinary type of thyroiditis. Its existence was not discovered and a description of it given until the year 1970. This Thyroiditis condition was being treated as Graves’ disease before that year, probably. Silent thyroiditis looks like the two type of thyroiditis we have talk about earlier- the Hashimoto thyroiditis and De Quervain thyroiditis.
In this condition, the radioactive uptake of iodine is low while the blood thyroiditis is high, but the feeling of pain is absent. The majority of patients that has been recorded as having this type of thyroiditis are young women, and they often develop it being pregnant.
There is usually no treatment given to anyone suffering from silent thyroiditis, and it is an ailment that eight percent of sufferers recovery from after about three months. The thyroid gland then returns back to normal. However, few of the patients, who suffer from this ailment become permanently hypothyroid, which can make their physician to, place them on thyroid hormones.