Discover The Causes Of Thyroid Problems

The several problems that the thyroid glands develop do not just come about. They are caused by various factors. Let us go ahead and discover some of the causes of some thyroid problems.

Causes Of Hypothyroidism

The known causes of the hypothyroidism condition of the thyroid gland are the following:

  • Loss of thyroid tissue- When a condition of hyperthyroidism is treated by means of radioactive rays, the radioactive rays is capable of destroying thyroid tissues, hence resulting in hypothyroidism. Also, when thyroid tissues are removed by surgery, hypothyroidism can set in.

  • Antithyroid antibodies- These are some of the types of antibodies that can be found in people who have diabetes, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic hepatitis or sjogren’s syndrome. Antithyroid antibodies are capable of decreasing the production of thyroid hormones.


  • Congenital conditions- When newborns are screened for hypothyroidism, some are likely to have the hypothyroidism conditions from birth.


  • Production Defects in thyroid hormones- This is what leads to the Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. When there is a defect in the thyroid hormone produced by the thyroid gland, the hormone will not be able to work effectively, thereby making the pituitary gland to release more Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). The increase in the TSH results in another ailment, the goiter.


  • Medications- Medications containing lithium, for example Eskalith and Lithobid, can bring about the hypothyroidism condition.


Causes of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism has been linked with the following factors as its cause. They are as follows:

  • Grave’s disease- The abnormal stimulation of the thyroid gland by a blood material, Thyroid Stimulating Immunoglobin (TSI) is a factor that is known to be the cause of the Grave’s disease. TSI overstimulates the thyroid gland thereby causing a goiter, it is also a known cause of Grave’s eye disease, for example, a bug-eyed look and frightening stare. Sever eye pain or eye muscle weaknesses may result from there and produce double vision and tearing.


  • Toxic multinodular goiter- When a part of the thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones all by itself without working with the TSH stimulation; that is a case of toxic multinodular goiter.

  • Thyroiditis-  This thyroid gland disorder is inflammatory and it is the condition that is presented in the Quervain’s thyroiditis and Hashimoto thyroiditis.


  • Pituitary adenoma- This is a condition in which the pituitary gland develops a tumor and this makes the TSH to be produced independent of collaboration and this leads to the overstimulation of the thyroid gland.


  • Drug-induced hyperthyroidism- A medication used for heart conditions, Cordarone, which contains aminodarone has the side effect of causing hyperthyroidism. Prevention of hyperthyroidism in this regard should now be the careful analysis of the benefit of using the medication and considering whether the medication is worth taking when this side effect is considered.


The causes of thyroid gland problems is a topic we can not exhaust in this write because of space, therefore it is advised to seek more knowledge on this topic.

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