Asthma is a condition which affects almost 10% of the total child population of the United States of America and the worst part is that it can effect any child starting from a tender age and up to the age of 40. It is a chronic condition that affects the air passages in the lungs which carry oxygen and carbon-di-oxide in and out of the lungs.
Hence apart from depriving the patient of quality oxygen which is so badly needed for the blood cells, the patients also suffer from a condition where the impure carbon-di-oxide is not pushed out in the right quantities leading to impure air remaining and circulating inside the body. This is a double-headed whammy which affects the patient both ways.
The classic symptoms associated with this disease are breathlessness, wheezing and coughing accompanied by tightness in the chest. Breathlessness occurs because the patient’s air and wind passages get shrunk and constricted during an attack of this disease.
When this happens normal air flow is hampered leading to breathlessness. The presence of mucus in the air passages and the restricted flow of air inside it cause the wheezing sound which is so often associated with asthma.
There are many reasons and irritants or trigger points which could lead to an attack of asthma. Although there many such causes, most of them are environmental, and are usually found in the place of work, neighborhood, residence or school.
In fact almost any place can be a potential source of irritants which could lead to an attack of this disease. A person who is constantly exposed to dust and pollutants is at a high risk of contracting this disease.
Additionally, food habits, lifestyle habits and too much consumption of certain beverages are also the reasons behind this disease rearing its ugly head. It has also been found that GERD or gastro intestinal reflux disease is also a very important reason for the aggravation of symptoms associated with Asthma.
The contents of the stomach irritate the lining of esophagus and airways, which ultimately leads to conditions associated with this disease. Treatment of GERD usually gives immediate relief to such patients.
There are also genetic problems or lifestyle habits which could continue to haunt the new born children. It has been researched and found out that pregnant mothers who are in the habit of smoking run a higher risk of giving birth to children who may have asthma attacks during their infancy or also when they grow up. Hence, smoking is a crime the punishment for which is served by the children.
Treatment of asthma and the symptoms associated with it are many and the most commonly used treatments are without doubt corticosteroids and inhalers. These drugs help in relaxing the airways and thereby facilitating free movement of air which stops breathlessness and discomfort in breathing.
Other medications include bronchodilators, which dilate and open up the airways, thus preventing a full blown attack from taking place, which could be potentially dangerous and life-threatening. While treatment is recommended, prevention is a better option in dealing with this dreaded disease.